Danses Anciennes à Montréal

Revivre l’histoire par la danse

Qu'est-ce que la contredanse anglaise?
Playford
Page couverture de The English Dancing Master / 1651

Les premières contredanses anglaises (English Country Dances) furent décrites par John Playford, dans la 1ère édition de The English Dancing Master, publiée à Londres en 1651. Playford était un libraire et possédait une boutique près de la porte de l'église de  l'Inner Temple. Dans la préface de son recueil, Playford disait ceci:  

To the Ingenious Reader

                  The Art of Dancing called by the Ancient Greeks Orchestice, and Orchestis, is a commendable and rare Quality fit for yong Gentlemen if opportunely and civilly used. And Plato, that Famous Philosopher thought it meet, that yong Ingenious Children be taught to dance. It is a quality that has been formerly honoured in the Courts of Princes, when performed by the most Noble Heroes of the Times! The Gentlemen of the Innes of Court, whose sweet and ayry Activity has crowed their Grand Solemnities with Admiration to all Spectators. This Art has been Anciently handled by Athenaeus, Julius Pollux, Caelius Rhodiginus, and others, and much commend it to be Excellent for Recreation, after more serious Studies, making the body active and strong, gracefull in deportment, and a quality very much beseeming a Gentleman. Yet all this should not have been an Incitement to me for Publication of this Worke (knowing these Times and the Nature of it do not agree) But that there was a false and surrepticious Copy at the Printing Presse, which if it has been published, would have been a disparagement to the quality and the Professors thereof, and a hinderance to the Learner: Therefore for prevention of all which, having an excellent Copy by me, and the assistance of a knowing Friend; I have ventured to put forth this ensuing Worke to the view, and gentle censure of all ingenious Gentlemen lovers of this Quallity; not doubting but their goodness will pardon what may be amiss, and accept of the honest Intention of him that is a faithfull honourer of your Virtues, and

                                                                                       Your servant to command
                                                                                                           John Playford

Cette édition initiale contient la description de cent cinq danses sociales qui étaient populaires en Angleterre, au moment de la publication de l'œuvre. La musique qui convient à chaque danse y est aussi présentée. Ces danses étaient pratiquées par la noblesse et par la bourgeoisie du pays, surtout dans leurs résidences de campagne (Country Houses), car ils fuyaient le plus possible les grandes villes à cause des désordres nombreux et des maladies infectieuses qui s'y propageaient trop facilement.

Il y eut plusieurs éditions subséquentes de ce livre sous le nouveau titre The Dancing Master que lui et son fils Henry publièrent jusqu'au milieu du XVIIIème siècle. En tout 1053 danses y furent décrites à l'aide d'une méthode particulière, ce qui permet encore aujourd'hui de reconstituer et d'exécuter ces danses avec un maximum d'authenticité.

Durant tout le XVIIIème siècle, plusieurs auteurs anglais publièrent divers documents décrivant des Country Dances. À ce sujet il est possible de citer entre autres, Nathaniel Kynaston (1683-1757), John Walsh (1713-1765), David Rutherford (1748-1775) et Peter Thompson (1755-1799). L'auteure anglaise Jane Austen (1775-1817) aborde la Country Dances dans ses divers romans, entre autres dans Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park(1814).

Au XIXème siècle, ces danses furent moins pratiquées. La vie plus austère ainsi que les valeurs morales répressives de l'époque Victorienne (1837-1901), ne laissait pas beaucoup de place à la danse, considérée comme contraire aux bonnes mœurs.

Toutefois, au début du XXème siècle, Cecil Sharp (1859-1924) entreprit, à Londres, de reconstituer les danses décrites par Playford père et fils, ainsi que par d'autres chorégraphes et de les réintroduire dans la société anglaise. Sharp fit plusieurs recherches autant en Angleterre qu'aux États-Unis et publia The Country Dance Book, ensemble de six fascicules décrivant ces danses. En 1911, Sharp fonda The English Folk Dance Society. Quelques années après sa mort, soit en 1930, cet organisme établit son siège social à Londres, au Cecil Sharp House, puis changea de nom pour devenir The English Folk Dance and Song Society, en 1932.

Après la mort de Cecil Sharp, plusieurs personnes poursuivirent le travail de recherche, de reconstruction d'anciennes danses et même en écrivirent des nouvelles, tout en respectant les caractéristiques des anciennes. On parle des danses dans le style de celles publiées initialement par John Playford "Playford Style Dances". Parmi ces personnes les plus connues citons pour l'Angleterre Pat Shaw, Nicholas Broadbridge, Charles Bolton et  Colin Hume.

Certaines personnes vivant hors de l'Angleterre participent aussi à ce travail de diffusion; aux États-Unis, mentionnons entre autres les noms de Gary Roodman, Fried de Metz Herman, Scott Higgs, Helene Cornelius et Gene Murrow, alors qu'en Belgique on retrouve Philippe Callens

La région de la Nouvelle-Angleterre est particulièrement active dans la promotion de l'English Country Dance. Une association importante The Conutry Dance and Song Society (CDSS) fut fondée en 1915, au Massachusetts, avec l'aide de Cecil Sharp, afin de promouvoir la danse anglaise dans cette région des États-Unis. Depuis 1978, Bare Necessities, un ensemble musical composé de quatre musiciens américains, a enregistré plusieurs disques compacts de musiques pour la contredanse anglaise.

Dans le monde, il y a deux endroits où il est possible de s'adonner en français, à la contredanse anglaise, à Paris et à Montréal.

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La contredanse anglaise
Lexique et explication des principales figures

 

Arming

Effectuant un crochet avec un bras, deux personnes font un tour complet en marchant. À la fin chacun revient à sa place originale. Cette figure peut être effectuée du bras droit "Arm right" ou du bras gauche "Arm left".

Back to back ou do-si-do

Débutant face à face, deux personnes, passent dos-à-dos, l'une autour de l'autre, sans se retourner et reviennent à leur place originale. Cette figure peut être effectuée par la droite "Right shoulder back to back" ou par la gauche "Left shoulder back to back".

Balance

Chaque personne, individuellement avance et dépose un pied et saute légèrement sur ce pied, tout en soulevant légèrement l'autre pied "Balance forward", puis recule ce pied et saute légèrement tout en soulevant le premier "Balance back".

Cast

Une personne pivote individuellement par l'extérieur de la ligne de danse et passe derrière une autre personne. Cette figure peut être effectuée par la droite "Cast to the right", par la gauche "Cast to the left", vers le haut de la contredanse "Cast up" ou vers le bas de la contredanse "Cast down".

Circle

Joignant les mains afin de former un cercle, un certain nombre de personnes marchent dans une direction. Cette figure peut être effectuée par la droite "Circle to the right" ou par la gauche "Circle to the left", par deux personnes, quatre personnes ou plus.

Corners

Personne qui est habituellement placée en diagonale avec soi, en diagonale droite ou gauche. Le premier coin "First corner ou First diagonal" est habituellement l'homme du couple # 1 et la femme du couple # 2; le deuxième coin "Second corner ou Second diagonal" est habituellement l'homme du couple # 2 et la femme du couple # 1.

Cross over

Deux personnes changent de place, l'une avec l'autre. Pour ce faire, elles peuvent passer à l'épaule droite "Cross by the right shoulder" ou à l'épaule gauche "Cross by the left shoulder".

Diagonal

Voir "Corner"

Double

Dans une direction, marcher quatre pas.

Fall Back

Marcher en reculant, individuellement, à deux ou à plusieurs.

Figure of Eight

Débutant face à face, deux personnes (habituellement partenaires) se croisent au centre de la contredanse (la femme passe devant l'homme), chacune contourne une personne inactive différente.

          Half Figure of Eight
          Cette figure se termine à la place initiale du/de la partenaire.
          Full Figure of Eight
          Effectuer la Half Figure of Eight deux fois afin de terminer à sa place initiale.

Gate

Étant côte à côte, mains intérieures jointes et regardant dans la même direction, deux personnes pivotent ensemble, une personne avance et l'autre recule.

Gypsy

Étant toujours face à face, sans se tenir par la main, deux personnes pivotent ensemble dans une même direction, soit sens des aiguilles d'une montre "Gypsy right shoulder", soit dans le sens contraire "Gypsy left shoulder".

Hand across / Star

Un certain nombre de personnes placent une main, la droite "Right hand across" ou la gauche "Left hand across", vers le centre imaginaire d'un cercle, tiennent la main de la personne diamétralement opposée, puis avancent dans la direction que leur impose cette position. Placé ainsi le groupe peut effectuer un demi-tour (180o) ou un tour complet (360o).

Hey

Croiser plusieurs personnes une à la suite de l'autre, mais en alternant le côté par lequel on l'évite, la gauche ou la droite (louvoyer). Cette figure peut être effectuée soit en donnant la main à la personne qu'on rencontre ou sans la lui donner.

          Circular Hey
          Cette Hey est effectuée en cercle, avec un nombre pair de personnes, qui débutent deux à deux, face à face; la moitié des personnes impliquées se     déplacent dans le sens des aiguilles d'une montre, l'autre moitié, se déplacent dans le sens contraire.
          Straight Hey
          Cette Hey est effectuée en ligne simple avec un nombre pair ou impair de personnes. Rendue au bout de la ligne, chaque personne effectue ½ tour   sur soi pour changer de direction et poursuivre. Cette Hay peut aussi être effectuée en ligne de quatre personnes: "Straight Hey for Four".
        Grimstock Hey
        Manière particuliere pour trois couples d'effectuer une "Straight Hey" Les deux lignes travaillent en miroir; chaque couple passant entre les deux personnes d'un couple ou à l'extérieur d'un couple qui sépare les deux partenaires.
          

Lead

Avec des pas marchés, une personne ou un couple avance dans une direction.

Lead up
Dans ce cas, le déplacement se fait au centre et vers le haut, en passant au centre de la contredanse, entre les partenaires des autres couples.
Lead down
Dans ce cas, le déplacement se fait au centre et vers le bas, en passant au centre de la contredanse, entre les partenaires des autres couples.
Lead between
Dans ce cas, le déplacement se fait, en passant entre deux personnes.

Longways ou Major Set

Formation habituellement utilisée pour les contredanses, constituée de deux rangées de danseurs se faisant face en couples; une rangées d'hommes qui ont l'épaule gauche vers le haut de la contredanse et une rangée de femmes, qui ont l'épaule droite vers le haut de la contredanse.

Neighbour

Personne qui est située près de soi (en face ou à côté), sans être le/ la partenaire.

Partner

Personne de l'autre sexe, avec laquelle on danse la totalité ou du moins une longue partie d'une danse. 

Poussette

Deux couples circulent l'un autour de l'autre et reviennent à leur place originale. Pour ce faire les couples sont face à face et ont les deux mains jointes à la hauteur des épaules. Ce déplacement est effectué en quatre étapes successives mais simultanément par les deux couples.
          Pour le couple # 1:
1) L'homme avance dans une direction alors que sa partenaire recule;
2) La femme avance alors que son partenaire recule. Ils sont alors à la place occupée antérieurement par le second couple;
3) Ils poursuivent leur mouvement alors que la femme avance encore et son partenaire recule;
4) L'homme avance et sa partenaire recule. Ils sont alors de retour à leur place originale.
          Pour le couple # 2:
1) La femme avance dans une direction alors que son partenaire recule;
2) L'homme avance alors que sa partenaire recule. Ils sont alors à la place occupée antérieurement par le premier couple;
3) Ils poursuivent leur mouvement alors que l'homme avance encore et sa partenaire recule;
4) La femme avance et le partenaire recule. Ils sont alors de retour à leur place originale.
 
Cette figure peut parfois être effectuée qu'à moitié, on parle alors une "Half Poussette"
Cette figure peut parfois être exécutée par deux couples qui pivotent un autour de l'autre, on parle alors d'une "Draw Poussette".

Single

Dans une direction, marcher deux pas.

Slip step

Pas effectué lors d'un déplacement latéral rapide (pas chassé), dans une même direction, soit à droite "Slip to the right" ou à gauche "Slip to the left".

Set

Une personne se déplace légèrement de façon latérale avec trois(3) petits pas. Si c'est à droite "Set to the right" les pas sont: pied droit, pied gauche, puis pied droit; si c'est à gauche "Set to the left" les pas sont: pied gauche, pied droit, puis pied gauche.

Siding

Il y a deux types de "Siding". Le premier est nommé "Sharp Siding" car il fut décrit par Cecil Sharp au début du XXe siècle. Le second type fut décrit par Pat Shaw au milieu du XXe siècle, c'est donc le "Shaw Siding".
Sharp SidingDeux personnes avancent l'un vers l'autre afin de terminer épaule gauche à épaule, puis effectuent un demi-tour sur place afin de se placer épaule droite à épaule droite. Ensuite ces deux personnes retournent à leur place initiale et se retournent afin de se faire face à nouveau.
Shaw Siding: Deux personnes avancent l'une vers l'autre, se placent épaule à épaule, puis reculent à leur place originale. Cette figure peut se faire à l'épaule droite "Side right" ou à l'épaule gauche "Side left". 

Turn

Pivoter un tour en marchant, soit vers la droite ou vers la gauche. Cette figure peut se faire individuellement "Turn Single", ou à deux personnes (Turn partner ou neighbour ou corner). À deux, on se tient par la main droite si le tour se fait dans le sens des aiguilles d'une montre "Right hand turn" et par la main gauche "Left hand turn" si le tour se fait dans le sens contraire des aiguilles d'une montre. Il est aussi possible de tourner en couple en tenant les deux mains "Two hand turn" de sa partenaire.

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Description de contredanses anglaises à Montréal
Description of some english country dances in Montreal

 THE BISHOP

THE BOATMAN

LA BOULANGER

BUONAPARTES DEFEAT

CORELLI'S MAGGOT

THE CUCKOO’S NEST

THE DISBANDED OFFICER

EPSOM NEW WELLS

GOOD MAN OF CAMBRIDGE

LES GRÂCES

THE HOP GROUND

THE INSTALLATION

LA JOSEPHINE

KNEELAND ROMP

THE LADIES JOY

LADY MARY RAMSAY

THE LONG ODDS

THE LORD WELLINGTON

LOVE AND A BOTTLE

MADAME BONAPARTES WALTZ

MASQUERADE ROYAL

MONTREAL

THE MUFF

MY LADY WINWOOD’S MAGGOT

LA NAPOLEONE

NONESUCH

LES OMBRES CHINOIS

PAYNE'S FIRST SET OF QUADRILLES (5 PARTES)

1- La Bathurst (Pantaloon)

2- La Palk (l'Été)

3- L'Eliza Howard (la Poule)

4- La Nugent (Pastourelle)

5- La Willy (la Finalé)

PRINCE WILLIAM OF GLOS'TER'S WALTZ

THE PURSUIT

RAMSGATE ASSEMBLY

THE REGENT'S FAVOURITE

THE RECRUTING OFFICER

SAVAGE DANCE

THE SHREWSBURY LASSES

SPRIGS OF LAUREL

A TRIP TO RICHMOND

VOULEZ VOUS DANSEZ MADEMOISELLE


THE BISHOP

Charles and Samuel Thompson / 1778

Longways, three couples in minor set (triple minor)

2/4

You Tube

A1

1-2

 1st man cast down in 2nd place (2nd man move up)

 

3-4

 1st man set to 3rd lady

 

5-8

 1st man and 3rd lady join hands and circle by the left once round

A2

1-8

 1st lady: repeat A1 with 3rd man

B1

1-4

 2nd couple gate the 1st couple up while 3rd couple gypsy right shoulder

 

5-8

 Everybody with hands joined, circle six half-way round

B2

1-4

 3rd couple gate the 1st couple up while 2nd couple gypsy right shoulder

 

 5-8

 Everybody with hands joined, circle six half-way round

 

THE BOATMAN 

JOHN PLAYFORD / 1651

Longways set for three couples

2/4 

You Tube

 

PART 1

 

 

A1

1-8

With partner: lead up a double and fall back; set and turn single

A2

1-8

Repeat A1

B1

1-4

2nd man: full hey (start right shoulder with 1st woman) with 1st couple who do half a hey while 2nd woman do a full hey (start right shoulder with 3rd man) with 3rd couple who do half a hey

 

5-8

All: two hand turn (2nd couple: half way; 1st and 3rd: once round)

B2

1-8

Repeat B1: 2nd man with bottom couple; 2nd woman with top couple 

PART 2

 

 

A1

1-8

All with partner: side (Sharp), set and turn single

A2

1-8

Repeat A1

B1

1-2

2nd man and 1st couple: circle left half way and open in line of three facing down with 2nd man in the middle while 2nd woman do the same with 3rd couple ending facing up

 

3-4

Lines of three: balance forward and back

 

5-8

2nd couple: turn two hand once and ¼ while 1st and 3rd turn once round

B2

1-8

Repeat B1: 2nd man with bottom couple; 2nd woman with top couple 

PART 3

 

 

A1

1-8

All with partner: arm right, set and turn single

A2

1-8

All with partner: arm left, set and turn single

B1

1-4

2nd woman with 1st and 3rd men: circle left, once around the 2nd man

 

5-8

2nd couple: two hand turn once round

B2

1-4

2nd man with 1st and 3rd women: circle left, once around the 2nd woman

 

5-8

All: turn two hand with partner once round

LA BOULANGER

William Campbell / 1790

Cotillon in a square of four couples

2/4

You Tube

You Tube

A1

1-4

All with hands joined, circle clockwise

 

5-8

All with hands joined, circle anti-clockwise

B1

1-4

 1st man giving right hand to his partner, change place with her then giving left hand to the next lady in the circle, turn 3/4 with her

B2

1-4

 1st man giving right hand to his partner, change place with her in the middle of the circle then giving left hand to the next lady in the circle, turn 3/4 with her

 B3

 1-4

 1st man giving right hand to his partner, change place with her in the middle of the circle then giving left hand to the next lady in the circle, turn 3/4 with her

 B3

 1-4

 1st man giving right hand to his partner, turn once round with her to get back to their original places

Note: The dance is repeated from the beginning but the 2nd man is now active, than the 3rd man, then the 4th man, than the 1st lady, than the 2nd lady, than the 3rd lady, then the 4th lady.

BUONAPARTES DEFEAT

Thomas Preston / 1800

Longways, two couple minor set (duple minor)

You Tube

A1

1-4

1st couple cast down and lead down by the outside while 2nd couple meet and lead up by the inside of the set

 

5-8

1st couple turn half way to face up and lead up by the outside while 2nd couple turn half way to face down and lead down by the inside (at the end the two couples are in a line of four as 1st couple is outside facing up and 2nd couple is inside and facing down)

A2

1-4

1st couple lead up by the outside while 2nd couple lead down by the inside

 

5-8

1st couple turn to face down and lead down by the outside while 2nd couple turn to face up and lead up by the inside (at the end the two couples are back to original places)

B1

1-8

1st couple cross by the right shoulder with partner, turn single left halfway to face in and cross again to come back home the same way

B2

1-8

2nd couple repeat B1

C1 

1-4

1st couple lead down the middle while 2nd couple cast up and lead up by the outside

 

5-8

1st couple turn half way to face up and lead up the middle while 2nd couple turn half way to face down and lead down by the outside (at the end the two couples are in a line of four as 1st couple is inside facing up and 2nd couple is outside and facing down)

C2

1-4

1st couple lead up by the inside while 2nd couple lead down by the outside

 

5-8

1st couple turn to face down and lead down by the inside to 2nd place while 2nd couple turn to face up and lead up by the outside to 1st place (at the end the two couples are progressed)

 D1

 1-8

 1st and 2nd couple do four changes of a circular hey

D2

1-8

1st and 2nd couple circle by the left  and by the right

Source: Thomas Preston, Preston's Twenty four Country Dances for the Year 1800, as they are performed at Court, Bath, and all Public Assemblies, London, 1800.

Reference: http://regencydances.org/index.php?wDance=Buonapartes+Defeat&wL=Load

 

CORELLI'S MAGGOT

Cathy and John Millar / 1990

Longways, two couples in minor set (duple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-4

1st corner, set to partner and turn single

 

5-8

1st corner two hand turn once round

A2

1-8

2nd corner, repeat A1

B1

1-4

1st couple, cross and go below (2nd couple move up) 

 

5-8

1st couple, half a Figure "8" up

B2

1-4

1st couple, gate down with the second couple below

 

 5-8

1st couple, gate up with the second couple above

 

THE CUCKOO’S NEST

John Rutherford / 1775

Longways set for three couples

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-8

 1st couple cast in 2nd place (2nd move up) and circle left once round with the 3rd couple

 A2

1-8

 1st couple cast back in 1st place and circle left once round with the 2nd couple

B1

1-8

 1st couple cross down the middle and do a Hay for three on the improper side

B2

1-8

 1st couple cross down again and do a Hay for three on the proper side     

C2

1-4

 1st couple lead down in 2nd place (2nd couple move up) and set to partner

 

5-8

 1st couple cast to the bottom (3rd couple move up) and set again to partner

C2

1-8

 1st and 3rd couples do four changes of rights and lefts starting with partner

 

THE DISBANDED OFFICER

Samuel, Ann & Peter Thompson / 1788

Longways, two couple minor set (duple minor)

You Tube

A1

1-4

1st couple cross down into the middle of a line of four and lead down a double

 

5-8

Facing down in a line of four set right and left then 2nd couple gate the 1st couple up (all end facing up, 1st couple home improper and 2nd couple home proper)

A2

1-8

All lead up a double, set right and left then two hand turn partner to finish proper (1st couple: one and a half; 2nd couple: once round)

B1

1-8

 In group of four, circle left then right

 B2

1-4

1st corner cross; 2nd corner cross

 

5-8

 All facing neighbor do 3 changes of rights and lefts

 Source: Samuel, Ann & Peter Thompson, Thompson's Compleat Collection of 200 Fashionable Country Dances: Perform'd at Court, Bath, Tunbridge, & all Publick Assemblies, Vol. 5, London, 1788,

Reference: The Assembly Players, Dance & Danceability, CD, Lanark, (Scotland), 1999.

 

EPSOM NEW WELLS

John Walsh and John Hare / 1708

Longways, two couples in minor set (duple minor)

3/2

You Tube

A1

1-4

 1st corner: right hand turn half way, release hand and return home clockwise passing around neighbor

A2

1-4

 2nd corner: left hand turn half way, release hand and return home anticlockwise passing around neighbor

B1

1-4

 1st couple: lead down the middle, cast out, come back home and turn single to face the wall while 2nd couple move up the outside, meet, lead down the middle and turn single to face the wall

B2

1-2

 Everybody with neighbor (with hands) lead out to the wall, turn and come back

 

 3-4

 1st couple cast down one place while 2nd couple do a two hands turn once round moving up one place

 

GOOD MAN OF CAMBRIDGE

GARY ROODMAN / 2001

Longways, two couples in minor set (duple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1    

1-8    

All: circle left once round, then 1st corner change place; 2nd corner change place

A2    

1-8    

All: from this new position repeat A1

B1    

1-4    

1st couple: short lead down through 2nd couple, turn and lead up back to original place

 

5-8    

2nd couple: short lead up through 1st couple, turn and lead down back to original place

 

9-16  

2nd couple cast up, dance half a figure of eight down and do a wide cloverleaf turn, ending in the middle of a line of 4 facing down; while 1st couple: lead down, cast up to follow 2nd couple, ending at the end of the line of 4 facing down (↓W1-W2-M2-M1↓)

C1    

1-4    

Line of 4: lead down a double and fall back a double (turn to face up at bar 4)

 

5-8    

Line of 4: lead up a double and fall back a double (fold back in two lines at bar 8)

C2    

1-4    

1st couple: cross by the right shoulder and cast down one place while 2nd couple do half a two hand turn moving up one place

 

5-8    

With new neighbour: 1st couple gate the 2nd couple up and around, back in two lines

LES GRÂCES  / DUVAL’S QUADRILLE DES LANCIERS / 4th QUADRILLE

John Duval / 1817

Square of four couples / heads: 1st and 2nd; sides: 3rd and 4th

You Tube

A

1-8

Introduction and honours

B

1-4

1st man and 2nd man (actives) with their partner and their corner lady advance as a trio towards the other trio in diagonal and retire

 

5-8

Ladies change so their outside hand hold man's hand and the ladies inside hands are joined and form an arch behind the man's head. The two trios advance one towards the other once again and retire

 

9-12

The two trios balance right and left. Men backs under arch and turns both ladies under their arms so wrists are now crossed

A 

1-8

Still holding hands (crossed) chassé round to left and to right

CODA

1-8

Grand Rond to the left and to the right

 Note: The dance is repeated with side men, head men and side men as active, then the head ladies, side ladies, head ladies then the side ladies.

Source: John Duval, 1817

Reference: Ellis and Christine Rogers, The First Refinement: Dances of the Early Nineteenth Century, Dolmetsch Historical Dance Society, Berkhamsted (England), 1997.

 

THE HOP GROUND

Preston / 1794

Longways, two couples in minor set (duple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-4

1st couple set twice to the 2nd lady

 

5-8

1st couple with 2nd lady, circle left once around

A2

1-8

1st couple repeat A1 with 2nd man

B1

1-4

1st couple cross and go below to 2nd place (2nd couple meet and move up at bars 3-4)

 

5-8

1st couple two hand turn one and a half

B2

1-8

1st and 2nd couple, starting with partner, four changes of rights and lefts

 

 THE INSTALLATION

Charles and Samuel Thompson / 1772

Longways set for three couples

2/4

You Tube

A1

1-8

 1st couple do a crossover mirror hey (the 1st man start right shoulder with the 3rd lady and the 1st lady start left shoulder with the 3rd man)

A2

1-8

 1st couple do a crossover mirror hey on own side

B1

1-8

 1st couple do half a Figure of “8” with 2nd couple below and everybody do a two hands turn once round with partner

B2

1-8

 3rd couple do half a Figure of “8” with 2nd couple above and everybody do a two hands turn once round with partner

 C1

 1-4

 Everybody take hands in a circle and step-swing on right, left, right and left

 

5-8

 Men facing the lady on their right, everybody do three changes of rights and lefts

 C2

 1-8

 Repeat C1

D1

1-8

1st couple cross by the left shoulder and go below (2nd couple move up) and do half  a Figure of “8” through the 2nd couple above

D2

1-4

 1st and 3rd couples (improper at the bottom) do four changes of a circular Hey

 

5-6

 1st and 3rd couples cross by the right shoulder with partner

 

7-8

 1st couple lead down the outside to 3rd place while 3rd couple lead up in 2nd place

 

LA JOSEPHINE

Donald Francis / 2014

Longways, two couple minor set (duple minor)

You Tube

A1

1-4

1st couple lead down the middle, cast around the 2nd couple and come back home by the outside

 

5-8

1st couple two hand turn once round

A2

1-8

2nd couple repeat A1 but leading up and around 1st couple

B1

1-4

1st corner change place; 2nd corner change place

 

5-6

Partners do half a two hand turn

7-8

Partners turn single left half way to face and fall back to places

 B2

 1-4

In groups of four, circle by the left half way round

 

 5-8

In groups of four, left hand across half way round

 Source: This dance was choreographed for the bicentennial of the presence on Napoleon Bonaparte in Elba (Italy)

Music: German Dance no. 2, by Ludwig van Beethoven

 

KNEELAND ROMP

GARY ROODMAN / 1981

Longways set for three couples

2/4

You Tube

A1

1-4

 1st couple cast into 2nd place (2nd couple moving up)

 

5-8

 1st and 3rd couples circle left once round

A2

1-4

 1st couple cast up into 1st place (2nd couple moving down)

 

5-8

 1st and 2nd couples circle left once round

B1

1-8

 1st couple lead down the middle, turn to face up, come back home and cast to 2nd place (2nd couple moving up)

 

9-12

 Everybody taking hands along lines, set (moving forward) right and left and turn single back to place

B2

1-4

 Couple at the top turn right hand once round while the two couples at the bottom do two changes of rights and lefts

 

 5-8

 Couple at the bottom turn right hand once round while the two couples at the top do two changes of rights and lefts

 

9-12 

 Couple at the top turn right hand once round while the two couples at the bottom do two changes of rights and lefts

 

THE LADIES JOY

Thomas Cahusac / 1788

Longways, three couple minor set (triple minor)

You Tube

A1

1-8

All with partner Allemande right shoulder and left shoulder

 A2

1-4

1st couple lead down the middle (2nd couple move up) and turn to face up

 

5-8

1st couple lead up then the 1st man places his partner in the middle of the 2nd couple facing down, he stands in the middle of the 3rd couple facing up

B1

1-4

All in two lines of three, set twice

 

5-8

All with partner two hand turn once round (1st couple turning one and a quarter to finish proper in progressed position).

B2

1-8

All six with hands joined, circle by the left and by the right

 Source: Thomas Cahusac, Twelve Country Dances for the Year 1788, London.

Reference:  The Pemberly Players, The Pride and Prejudice Collection, CD, Vol. 3

 

 

LADY MARY RAMSAY

Thomas Wilson / 1809

Longways, two couples in minor set (duple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-8

1st lady cast behind 2nd lady and 1st man chases her clockwise around the 2nd couple back to place

A2

1-8

1st man cast behind 2nd man and 1st lady chases him anti-clockwise around 2nd couple back to place

B1

1-8

1st couple lead down the middle, turn to face up, lead back home and cast to 2nd place (2nd couple move up)

B2

1-8

Everybody with partner Allemande right and Allemande left 

 

THE LONG ODDS

Thomas Preston / 2001

Longways, two couples in minor set (duple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-4

1st couple set and turn by the right hand half way

 

5-8

1st couple turn neighbor by the left hand one and a half

A2

1-4

 All set to neighbor and turn that neighbor by the right hand half way

 

5-8

1st couple turn by the left hand once and a half

B1

1-8

 1st couple lead down the middle, turn to face up, lead back home and cast in 2nd place (2nd couple move up)

B2

1-8

 With partner do a whole poussette (rosette) anti-clockwise (1st man and 2nd lady pushing)

 

THE LORD WELLINGTON

Burton & Whitaker / 1813

Longways, three couple minor set (triple minor)

You Tube

A

1-2

1st and 2nd ladies face and set while 1st and 2nd men face and set

 

3-4

1st and 2nd ladies join hands and slip to men's place while 1st and 2nd men slip to ladies' place (thus ladies separate men)

 

5-8

 Repeat A(1-4) but the two men will separate the 2 ladies

B

1-8

 1st couple lead down the set, turn to face up and lead to 2nd place (2nd couple move up)

 A

1-8

1st and 3rd couples chaine anglaise

Source: Burton & Whitaker's Selection 17, London, 1813

Reference: Ellis and Christine Rogers, The First Refinement, Dolmetsch Historical Dance Society, Berkhamsted (U.K.), 1997 

 

 

LOVE AND A BOTTLE

NAHANIEL KYNASTON / 1710

Longways set for three couples

2/4

You tube

  

A1    

1-8    

1st woman do a figure of eight through 2nd couple while 1st man do a figure of eight through  2nd and 3rd men (1st man handing his partner as they cross)

A2    

1-2

1st couple: cast down in 2nd place (2nd couple move up)

 

3-4

1st and 3rd man: turn two hands while 1st woman and 3rd woman do the same

 

5-8    

1st couple: set, change place by the right shoulder ending facing out

B1    

1-4    

1st couple: turn right hand once round with the first corner (1st man with 3rd woman; 1st woman with 2nd man)

 

5-8    

1st couple: turn left hand once round with the second corner (1st man with 2nd woman; 1st woman with 3rd man)

B2    

1-4    

1st couple: set right and left then cross right shoulder and turn right to face partner  

 

5-8    

1st couple: clap own hands; clap right hand with partner; clap own hands; clap left hand with partner and cast down in 3rd place while 3rd couples lead up

 

MADAME BONAPARTE'S WALTZ

Thomas Preston / 1803

Longways, two couple minor set (duple minor)

You Tube

A1

1-8

1st and 2nd couple right hand across once round

 A2

1-8

1st and 2nd couple left hand across once round

B1

1-2

1st couple cast down in 2nd place (2nd couple lead up)

3-8

1st and 2nd couple, circle clockwise once round

 B2

1-8

1st couple right hand turn once round and left hand turn once round

C1

1-8

1st and 2nd couple do half a poussette anti-clockwise (1st man and 2nd lady pushes) with a two hand turn once and a half at outer end

C1 

 1-8

1st and 2nd couple do half a poussette anti-clockwise (1st lady and 2nd man pushes) with a two hand turn once and a half at outer end

 Source: Thomas Preston, Preston's twenty four country dances for the year 1803, London, 1803, p. 214

 

MASQUERADE ROYAL

William Pearson and John Young / 1718

Longways set for three couples

2/4

You Tube

A1

1-8

 1st couple turn single down (man right and lady left), lead down through 2nd couple, cast back to place and turn single up

A2

1-8

 2nd couple turn single up (man left and lady right), lead up through 1st couple, cast back to place and turn single down

B

1-6

 Everybody do a Grimstock Hey (1st couple lead down between 2nd couple to start)

 

7-8

 1st couple lead down into 2nd place (2nd couple move up by the outside)

9-10

 1st couple go down the outside in 3rd place (3rd couple lead up in 2nd place)

 

 11-14

 Everybody do a two hands turn once round with partner

 

MONTREAL

Thomas Preston / 1801

Longways, two couples in minor set (duple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-8

1st couple lead down the middle, turn to face up, lead back home and cast in 2nd place (2nd couple move up)

B1

1-8

 In a group or four  do four changes of right and left

 

 THE MUFF

Thomas Budd / 1780

Longways, three couples in minor set (triple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-2

Couples facing, set right and left

 

3-8

First couple lead down the middle, pass third couple and cast back to place while second and third couples lead up the outside, turn to face down and lead back to original places (thus second and third couples follow first  couple)

A2

1-2

Couples facing, set right and left

 

3-8

Third couple lead up the middle, pass first couple and cast back to place while second and first couples lead down the outside, turn to face up and lead back to original places (thus second and first couples follow third couple)

B1

1-4

First couple cross by the right shoulder, go below second couple and facing partner set right and left

 

5-8

First couple cross again, go below third couple and facing partner set right and left

B2

1-4

First couple lead up to the top and cast in second place (second couple move up)

 

5-8

First couple do a two hands turn once round with partner

 C

 1-8

Hands joined in a group of six, circle by the left and by the right

 D

 1-8

Everybody with partner, Allemande right shoulder and left shoulder

 

MY LADY WINWOOD’S MAGGOT

Henry Playford / 1728

Longways, three couples in minor set (triple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-4

First couple, set and cast in second place, (second couple move up)

 

5-8

First couple, lead through third couple and cast back in second place

A2

1-8

First man do a figure of "8" down with third couple (left shoulder with third lady) while first lady do a figure of "8" up with second couple (left shoulder with second man) 

B1

1-4

Hands joined in a ring of six, slip to the left once around 

 

5-8

Everybody with partner, back to back right shoulder

B2

1-4

First couple, lead down through third couple and cast up to the top

 

 5-6

, lead down in second place

 

7-8 

 First couple, two hand turn once round

 

 LA NAPOLEONE

Donald Francis / 2014

Longways, two couple minor set (duple minor)

You Tube

A1

1-8

All with partner right hand turn once round then left hand turn once round

 A2

1-4

1st couple cross by the left shoulder and move in 2nd place (2nd couple move up)

5-8

1st couple back to back right shoulder ending in the middle of a line of four facing up while 2nd couple do a cloverleaf turn ending at each end of the line of four

B1

1-4

In a line of four, up a double and back a double 

 

5-8

Still facing up, 1st couple cross over and lead down to 2nd place by the outside (2nd couple move up)

B2

1-8

All with partner Allemande right shoulder and left shoulder

 Source: This dance was choreographed for the bicentennial of the presence on Napoleon Bonaparte in Elba (Italy)

Music: German Dance no. 10, by Ludwig van Beethoven

 

 

NONESUCH 

JOHN PLAYFORD / 1651

Longways set for four couples

2/2

You Tube

 

A      

1-8    

Couples facing presence: lead up a double, back a double; that again

B      

1-8    

Couples facing: set and turn single; that again

A      

1-4    

1st couple: spring forward, slip down between 2nd couple and turn to face neighbour

 

5-8    

1st couple: push 2nd couple a double, draw back and face partner

B      

1-4    

1st and 2nd couple: (hand with neighbour) fall back a double and forward a double

 

5-8    

1st and 2nd couple: two hand turn with partner once round

AB   

 

1st and 3rd couple: repeat AB above (spring, slip, turn, push, back and turn two hand)

AB   

 

1st and 4th couple plus 2nd and 3rd couple: repeat AB above 

AB

 

2nd and 4th couple: repeat AB above

AB

 

2nd and 1st couple plus 3rd & 4th couple: repeat AB above (end: 4, 3, 1, 2)

A      

1-4

All: partners change place by the left shoulder and turn single right

 

5-8    

All: partners change place by the right shoulder and turn single left

B      

1       

Top man springs forward the middle of the set, facing down

 

2       

Top woman springs forward the middle of the set facing up and facing her partner

 

3-8    

Other couples do the same, in sequence from top to bottom. At the end, everyone is in a single line (men facing down, women facing up)

A      

1-8    

Couples in a single line: arm right and arm left

B      

1-4    

All: four slip steps to the left and four slip steps to the right

 

5-8    

All: four slip steps to the right and four slip steps to the left (back in a single line)

A      

1       

Top man springs backward in place to face partner         

 

2       

Top woman springs backward  in place to face partner         

 

3-8    

Other couples do the same in sequence from top to bottom. At the end, everyone is back in two lines.

BA

 

4th couple (in 1st place) face and start a circular hey with right hand, others face up and join the hey when 4th man or 4th woman reaches them, until everyone is at the place where they began the circular hey (end: 4, 3, 1,2)

 

LES OMBRES CHINOIS

Thomas Budd / 1780

Cotillon for four couples

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-8

 Grand round for all eight to the right

 A2

1-8

 Grand round for all eight to the left

B1

1-8

 Four ladies do two changes of rights and lefts (start 1st lady to 2nd lady and 3rd lady to 4th lady) then turn opposite man with right hand once round

B2

1-8

 Four men do two changes of rights and lefts (start 1st man to 2nd man and 3rd man to 4th man) then turn partner with right hand once round

C1 

1-8

 With chasse steps, partners change place (man behind partner), set on place, chasse back to own place and set again

C2

1-8

 1st and 3rd couples do two changes of rights and lefts; then 2nd and 4th couples do the same

 D1

1-8 

 The four men set twice to their partner and turn the corner lady once round with two hands

 D2

1-8 

 The four men set twice to the corner lady and turn the their partner once round with two hands

E1

1-8

The four ladies take right hand across and circle halfway round, retaining their partner in left hand, then couples, in opposite place, do a two hands turn one and a half

E2

1-8

The four men take left hand across and circle halfway round, retaining their partner in right hand, then couples in original place, with two hands, turn one round

 

PAYNE'S FIRST SET OF QUADRILLES (5 PARTIES)

Composed by Musard and Hubert Collinet and played at the Almack's (Mayfair) in the presence of the Prince Regent in 1819

Payne's First Set of Quadrilles was published in England / c.1812

 

Source: Musard and Collinet, Soirées de Famille, Paris, 1823

Reference: Ellis and Christine Rogers, The First Refinement: Dances of the Early Nineteenth Century,

Dolmetsch Historical Dance Society, Berkhamsted (England), 1997

Formation: Square set of four couples / heads: 1st and 3rd; sides: 2nd and 4th

Steps: This dance can be executed with Baroques Steps: Pas de Bourré, Jeté, Assemblé, Balancé, …

 

1st QUADRILLE: LA BATHURST (Le Pantaloon)

Bathurst, maybe for: Lord Henry Bathurst (1762-1834), 3rd Earl Bathurst

You Tube

You Tube

A

1-8

Introduction and honours

B

1-8

Head couples do a chaîne anglaise     

A

1-8

Head couples facing partner balancez and tour de main droite

 C

1-8

Head couples do a chaine des dames

A

1-8

Head couples demie promenade à quatre and demi chaine anglaise

Note: the dance is repeated by side couples as active, the head couples and side again.

 

2nd QUADRILLE: LA PALK (L'été)

Palk, maybe for: Lawrence Palk (1766-1813), a Member of the British Parliament

You Tube

A

1-8

Introduction and honours

 B

1-4

1st man and 3nd lady En avant deux et reculer

 

5-8

1st man and 3nd lady Traversez

 

9-16

1st man and 3nd lady Chassez et déchassez puis Traversez

 A

1-4

1st man and 3nd lady Balancez quatre

 

5-8

1st man and 3nd lady Tour de main (right)

 Note: dance is repeated by 2nd man and 4th lady, then 3rd man and 1st lady, then 4th man & 2rd lady

 

3rd QUADRILLE: L'ELIZA HOWARD (La poule)

Eliza Howard, maybe for: Lady Elizabeth Howard (1780-1825), 5th Duchess of Rutland

You Tube

A

1-8

Introduction and honours

 B

1-4

1st man and 3rd lady Traversez deux en donnant la main droite

 

5-8

1st man and 3rd lady Retraversez en donnant la main gauche (retain hands to form a line of four facing alternate directions

A

1-4

1st and 3rd couple Set twice (dancers on the ends turn to face same direction as their partner

 

5-8

1st and 3rd couple Demie promenade

C

1-8

1st man and 3rd lady En avant deux (and back) et dos-à-dos

A

1-8 

1st and 3rd couple En avant quatre (and back) et demie chaine anglaise

 Note: dance is repeated by 2nd man and 4th lady, then by 3rd man and 1st lady, then by 4th man and 2nd lady 

 

4th QUADRILLE: LA NUGENT (La Pastourelle)

La Nugent, maybe for George Nugent (1757-1849), a Member of the British Parliament

You Tube

A

1-8

Introduction and honours

B

1-8

1st couple En avant deux fois le cavalier avec sa Dame, il la place à la gauche du Cavalier de vis-à-vis and fall back to place

C

1-8

3rd man with the two ladies En avant deux fois

B

1-8

1st man do his solo in the middle of the set

 A

1-8

1st and 3rd couple circle clockwise half way round and demi chaîne anglaise 

 Note: the dance is repeated by 2nd couple, 3rd couple and 4th couple as active

 

 5th QUADRILLE: LA WILLY (La Finalé)

You Tube

A

1-8

Introduction and honours

A

1-8

Everybody do Chassé-croisé, set to the corner Chassé-croisé back and set to partner

B

1-4

1st lady and 3nd man En avant deux and back

 

5-8

1st lady and 3nd man Traversez

 C

1-4

1st lady and 3nd man Chassez et déchassez

 

5-8

1st lady and 3nd man Traversez

 A

1-4 

1st and 3nd couples do Balancez quatre

 

5-8 

1st and 3nd couples Tour de main (right)

A

CODA

Everybody Grand Rond

Note: dance is repeated by 2nd lady and 4th man; 3rd lady and 1st man then 4th lady and 2nd man  

 

PRINCE WILLIAM OF GLOS'TER'S WALTZ

Thomas Preston / 1801

Longways, two couple minor set (duple minor)

You Tube

A1

1-4

1st corner set forward and turn single right to come back to place

 

5-8

1st corner change place by the right shoulder

A2

1-8

 2nd corner repeat A1

B1

1-8

With ballroom position 1st and 2nd couple waltz anti-clockwise once around each other, ending proper in lines

B2

1-8

1st and 2nd couple right hand across then left hand across

 Source: Thomas Preston, Preston's Twenty Four Country Dances for the year 1801, London, 1801.

Reference: Kate Van Winkle Keller and Genevieve Shimer, A Playford Ball, CDSS, Haydenville (Mass.) 1994

 

 

THE PURSUIT

John Young / 1710

Longways, two couples in minor set (duple minor)

2/2

You Tube

 

A1

1-6

First man, Hey with the two ladies (start right shoulder with the second lady)

 

7-8

First man, cast in second place while second man move up

A2

1-8

First lady repeat A1 with the two men (start left shoulder with first man) 

B1

1-4

First couple lead down between the new second couple (below) and cast up while this new second couple cast up and lead down to come back home 

 

5-8

Everybody do a two hand turn once round with partner

B2

1-8

First couple do a full Figure of "8" up with original second couple (above)

RAMSGATE ASSEMBLY

Thomas Budd / 1795

Longways set for three couples

3/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-8

 1st and 2nd couples set twice to partner then do two changes of rights and lefts

 A2

1-8

 1st and 2nd couples set twice to neighbor then do two changes of rights and lefts

B1

1-8

 1st couple lead down the middle, turn by the inside to face up, lead back home and cast in 2nd place (2nd couple lead up)

B2

1-4

 Everybody giving right hand to partner balance forward, balance back and change places as man turn his partner under joined hands

 

5-8

Repeat B2 (1-4) with left hand

C1

1-4

 1st man right hand turn the 3rd lady while 1st lady right hand turn the 2nd man

 

 5-8

 1st couple turn left hand once round in the middle of the set

 C1

1-4

 1st man right hand turn the 2nd lady while 1st lady right hand turn the 3rd man

 

 5-8

 1st couple turn two hands moving to bottom place while 3rd couple cast up in 2nd place

THE REGENT'S FAVOURITE

Anonymus / 1818

Longways, three couples in minor set (triple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-2

1st couple set right and left to partner

 

3-6

1st couple right hands joined, turn one and a half moving down the set, between the 2nd and 3rd couple (end with the 1st lady facing the two men, and 1st man facing the two ladies)

 

7-8

1st couple set right and left to partner

A2

1-8

 In two groups of three, join hands and circle by the left and by the right

B1

1-8

1st couple with inside hands joined lead down the set, turn single to face up, lead up the set to places and cast in 2nd place (2nd couple move up)

B2

1-8

 1st and 2nd couple whole poussette anti-clockwise

 

THE RECRUTING OFFICER

Nathaniel Kynaston / 1710

Three couple set

6/8

A1

1-4

1st couple cast down in 2nd place (2nd couple lead up in 1st place at bar 3-4)

 

5-8

1st couple do half a figure of "8" around 3rd couple

A2

1-4

1st couple do half a figure of "8" around 2nd couple

 

5-8

1st couple do two hand turn once round

B1

1-4

1st man do a right hand turn once round with 2nd man while the 1st lady do a left hand turn once round with 2nd lady 

 

5-8

1st man do a left hand turn once round with 3rd man while the 1st lady do a right hand turn once round with 3rd lady 

B2

1-4

1st couple lead up, cast around 2nd couple and move in 3rd place (3rd couple lead up in 2nd place at bar 3-4)

 

 5-8

Everybody do a two hand turn once round

 Source: Henry Playford, The Dancing Master, Volume # 2, 1st Edition, London, 1710.

Reference: Marjorie Fennessy, Another Look at Playford, Ashford Colour Press, Gosport (UK), 2012.

Reference: http://www.colonialdance.com.au/the-recruiting-officer-357.html

 

SAVAGE DANCE

Francis Werner / 1784

Longways, two couples in minor set (duple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-8

1st couple set twice to 2nd lady and circle three clockwise once round

A2

1-8

1st couple set twice to 2nd man and circle three clockwise once round

B1

1-4

1st couple lead down the middle and turn single to face up

 

5-8

1st couple lead up to original place and cast into 2nd place (2nd couple move up)

B2

1-8

 Everybody with partner, Allemande right and Allemande left

 

THE SHREWSBURY LASSES

Peter Thompson / 1765

Longways set for three couples

2/2

You Tube

 

A1

1-8

 1st man facing 2nd lady step and honor by the right and by the left then two hands turn once round with her

 A2

1-8

 1st lady facing 2nd man step and honor by the right and by the left then two hands turn once round with him

B1

1-2

 1st couple cast down to 2nd place (2nd couple move up)

3-6

 1st and 3rd couples circle left once round

 

7-10

 1st man skip up around top couple to end into partner's place while 1st lady skip down around bottom couple to end into partner's place

 

11-12

 1st couple two hands turn half way round

B2

1-2

 3rd couple cast up to 2nd place (1st couple move down)

 

3-6 

 3rd and 2nd couples circle left once round

 

7-10 

 3rd man skip up around top couple to end into partner's place while 3rd lady skip down around bottom couple to end into partner's place

 

11-12

 3rd couple two hand turn half way round

 

SPRIGS OF LAUREL

Samuel, Ann, and Peter Thompson / 1794

Longways, two couples in minor set (duple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-4

 Everybody set right and left towards partner then set right and left back home

 

5-8

 Everybody right hands across, once round

A2

1-8

 Repeat A1 but with left hand

B1

1-4

 1st couple lead down the center and turn in to face up

 

5-8

 1st couple lead up back home and cast in 2nd place (2nd couple move up)

B2

1-8

 Everybody with partner, Allemande by the right shoulder then by the left shoulder

A TRIP TO RICHMOND

Kate Riley / 1956

Longways, two couples in minor set (duple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-4

1st couple lead down through 2nd couple and cast back to place

A2

1-4

 2nd couple lead up through 1st couple and cast back to place

B

1-4

 Men balance back; ladies balance back then everybody come forward and turn single

 

5-8

 Everybody hands four and circle once round

C

1-4

 1st corner cross by the right shoulder; 2nd corner cross by the left shoulder

 

5-8

 Everybody set to partner and cross by the right shoulder

VOULEZ VOUS DANSEZ MADEMOISELLE

Button and Whittaker / 1815

Longways, three couples in minor set (triple minor)

2/4

You Tube

 

A1

1-4

1st and 2nd couples starting with partner do two changes of rights and lefts

 

5-6

1st couple lead down the center and turn as a couple

7-8

 1st couple lead up the middle to 2nd place while 2nd couple change place by the right shoulder

B1

1-8

 All with partner Allemande right and left

A1

1-8

In a group of six, circle to the left then to the right

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Etiquette of the ball room
Beau Nash: Rules to be Osserv’d at Bath (1706)

- One should never attend a private ball without an invitation.

- A gentleman could not ask a lady to dance unless they had been formally introduced.

- A lady must accept an invitation to dance, or spend the rest of the evening sitting out all dances (unless she was seriously tired).

- A couple could dance a maximum of two sets (i.e. two pairs of dances) with each other. After that, they were expected to do their social duty and find other partners.

- A gentleman, single or married, was expected to invite ladies who were available to dance. - Everybody must submit to the decrees of the master of ceremonies.

- At the end of the dance, the man was expected to usher his partner back to her chaperone, or escort her to the supper room. There they would sit with her family or friends, and not with his.

- A gentleman was expected to be prompt when coming to claim his partner for a dance for which he had previously engaged her.

- One must dance neatly – do not caper, kick out, bump into others or draw attention to one’s dancing in any obvious way.

- Couples had to join longways country dance sets from the bottom, and not race up to the top or push in between other couples.

- It was bad form to save many dances in advance and leave no room on one’s dance program for requests on the night.

- Paying compliments on one’s partner’s appearance was not done. It was assumed that everybody would be appropriately dressed, and that a dressmaker or tailor did not need to be praised for doing their job properly.

- Gloves must be worn by both sexes at all times, except at super.

- Gentlemen, officers on duty excepted, will not be given entry if wearing boots.

- Respect other people at all times.

 

Tiré de: A Dance with Jane Austen, Susannah Fullerton, Frances Lincoln Publisher, London, 2012.

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Entrevues

Entrevue réalisée le 24 juin 2009, par Cynthia Dubois de Radio-Canada, pour l'émission Espace Musique / Espace Classique dans le cadre du 350e anniversaire de naissance de Henry Purcell et du Festival Montréal Baroque 2009.

1- Bals et contredanses anglaises au château
2- Contredanses anglaises, maîtres et valets
3- Histoire de la contredanse de Purcell à maintenant
4- Comment devient-on maître de contredanses anglaises?